Zurich Switzerland History
Zurich is the centre of Switzerland, with over 1.5 million inhabitants, more than twice as many as the second largest city, Geneva. Zurich is also the largest city in Switzerland, with a number of heavily urbanized districts in historical and cultural areas. Anyone travelling through Switzerland must stop in Zurich, as Zurich is one of the most popular destinations in the country and one of the most important tourist destinations in Europe.
Swiss culture is also a culinary Switzerland, which certainly makes Switzerland a true paradise for gourmets. Switzerland has a long and fascinating history, and its cities tell stories that bear witness to this.
The cultural heritage of Switzerland is summarised in the various institutions of the Swiss National Museum. The Landesmuseum Zürich is part of this, as are the Natural History Museum Bern, the National Library Basel and various museums and galleries throughout the country. These museums focus on the history of Switzerland from Roman times to the present, with the settlements of the people in Switzerland going back several millennia. The Swiss are rightly proud of the fact that they have amassed a rich and diverse collection of art, history, architecture, art history and culture.
Special emphasis was placed on the history of the city of Zurich and its history as a commercial and commercial centre. The guild revolution left Zurich somewhat isolated, which led to a dispute between the founding canton of Bern and the new cantons of Basel and Zurich. This dispute ended in 1803 when Napoleon brokered a peace treaty between Switzerland and France to create a new confederation, with the cantons of Zurich, dominated by the cities, becoming sovereign members. In 1814, Zurich was excluded from the Swiss Confederation along with several other cities because of its participation in the French Revolution.
The Anabaptists of Zurich turned to Mennonite weavers who came from Holland to get help in their struggle against the persecution of their brethren in Holland. Dutch government, which was finally asked for help by the Dutch Mennonites, the Zurich brothers were persecuted in the Netherlands for the rest of the 19th century.
Perhaps the man himself never showed up in Zurich, but the Frankish king behaved like a second home in the Lindenhof palatinate.
The Limmat, which leads to Lake Zurich, cuts through the area and allows a nice walk or an adventure by tram. With the Swiss Pass (Zurich Card) you have free access to public transport. Baden is a city near Zurich, but is often referred to as "Baden" by both Zurich and Baden - Aargau - which distinguishes the many different "Baden" in Switzerland. The Enge Alpenquai in Zurich is located in the southeast of the city, near the border with Austria and only a few kilometers from the city of Zug.
The Reformation divided Switzerland into two factions and spread to the rural areas dominated by Zurich, but the old political order was ended by the occupation of Switzerland by Napoleon in 1798. When Switzerland became the country we know today in 1848, the capital Bern became both the official and unofficial capital of the Federal Republic, and Zurich was reorganized as the capital of the Helvetic Republic, which tried to form a single "Swiss" state. Conversion was forced by subjecting the territory to a new denomination, in which conservative central Switzerland, including Lucerne, remained Catholic and the new denominations were introduced.
New roads were laid and Zurich banks were founded to establish Zurich as the gold trading organisation of the largest Swiss banks. The banks of Zurich reacted once and for all to the financial crisis of 1877, which gave birth to the Swiss National Bank of Zurich, one of the largest in the world.
He was also known as the Tsar of Zurich and founded the largest railway company, and in 1880 was responsible for the connection between Italy, Switzerland and Germany. Railways were also the idea of Alfred Escher, the first director of the Swiss National Bank and the man who, along with others, dominated Zurich and Swiss politics for the next decades.
Zwingli initiated the Swiss Reformation at a time when he was the main preacher in the Grossmünster cathedral in Zurich. His zeal for reform affected the Fraumünster, and he preached for the first time in the history of the city, living and preaching in his own house for over 30 years. It also spawned the open drug scene in Platzspitz, which made Zurich notorious in Europe until the early 1990s.
The Roman turicum of Zurich was not fortified, but there was a small garrison at a tax collection point at Lake Zurich, where goods coming in from Gaul and France were loaded onto large ships. This was connected with a military road, which also served as a commercial artery between Rome and the northern tribes. At the end of 1348, a plague caused by the poisoning of wells by Jews reached Zurich and spread throughout Switzerland.